Lenovo ThinkSystem RAID 940 Series Internal RAID AdaptersProduct Guide
The ThinkSystem RAID 940 family of PCIe 4.0 12 Gbps SAS RAID controllers are high-performance RAID-on-chip (ROC) adapters for connectivity to drives internal to the server. These adapters support RAID levels 0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6 and 60, and include an extensive list of RAS and management features.
This product guide provides essential presales information to understand the ThinkSystem RAID 940-8i, 16i and 32i adapters and their key features, specifications, and compatibility. This guide is intended for technical specialists, sales specialists, sales engineers, IT architects, and other IT professionals who want to learn more about the adapters and consider their use in IT solutions.
Changes in the May 20 update:
- Corrected the port connections of the RAID 940-16i 8GB Internal adapter - Technical specifications section
The ThinkSystem RAID 940 family of PCIe 4.0 12 Gbps SAS RAID controllers are high-performance RAID-on-chip (ROC) server adapters for connectivity to drives internal to the server. These adapters support RAID levels 0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6 and 60, and include an extensive list of RAS and management features.
The ThinkSystem RAID 940-16i is shown in the following figure.
Did you know?
The RAID 940 Series adapters all have a PCIe 4.0 host interface which doubles the bandwidth between the server and the adapter, compared to the previous generation RAID 930 adapters. This improves overall performance of the storage subsystem by supporting up to 3 million IOPS (JBOD mode) and up to 3 million IOPS in RAID (random reads).
RAID on Chip-based controllers such as the RAID 940 adapters have a dedicated processor that offloads all RAID functions from the server's CPU. With hardware acceleration for RAID 5 and 6 operations plus up to 8 GB dedicated memory for caching, the 940-8i, 16i and 32i offer the ultimate performance for ThinkSystem servers.
Part number information
The following table provides the ordering part numbers for the adapters.
|Part number||Feature code||Description|
|4Y37A09728||B8NY||ThinkSystem RAID 940-8i 4GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter|
|4Y37A09729||B8NW||ThinkSystem RAID 940-8i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter|
|4Y37A09730||BC4U,B8NZ||ThinkSystem RAID 940-16i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter|
|4Y37A09735||B8P0||ThinkSystem RAID 940-16i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Internal Adapter|
|4Y37A09733||B8P8||ThinkSystem RAID 940-32i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter|
The ThinkSystem RAID 940 Series internal RAID adapters have the following specifications:
- PCIe 4.0 x8 host interface, also compatible with a PCIe 3.0 host interface
- 12 Gbps SAS/SATA RAID controllers, based on the Broadcom MegaRAID 9560 adapter family
- 4GB or 8GB of integrated flash-backed cache
- Connectivity for up to 32 internal SAS or SATA drives:
- RAID 940-8i supports up to eight internal SAS or SATA drives
- RAID 940-16i supports up to 16 internal SAS or SATA drives
- RAID 940-32i supports up to 32 internal SAS or SATA drives
- Support for intermixing SAS and SATA HDDs and SSDs. Mixing SAS and SATA drives in the same array is not supported. Mixing of HDDs and SSDs in the same array is not supported.
- Support for intermixing of 12 Gbps and 6 Gbps drives.
- Support for RAID 0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6 and 60 standard
- Support for JBOD (non-RAID) drive state
- Support for logical drive sizes greater than 2 TB.
- Configurable stripe size up to 1 MB
- Supports 512e, 512n and 4K sector formatted drives
- Supports TRIM/UNMAP commands for SAS and SATA SSDs (JBOD and RAID volumes)
- Compliant with Disk Data Format (DDF) configuration on disk (CoD).
- S.M.A.R.T. support.
- Configuration through
- XClarity Provisioning Manager UEFI interface
- XClarity Controller web interface
- XClarity Administrator Configuration Patterns
- StorCLI command-line interface
- LSI Storage Authority (LSA) GUI interface
- UEFI Human Interface Infrastructure (HII)
Note: CacheCade is not supported by these adapters
The ThinkSystem RAID 940-16i Internal adapter is shown in the following figure.
The following table compares the specifications of the RAID 940 adapters.
|Feature||RAID 940-8i 4GB||RAID 940-8i 8GB||RAID 940-16i 8GB||RAID 940-16i 8GB Internal||RAID 940-32i 8GB|
|Adapter type||RAID controller||RAID controller||RAID controller||RAID controller||RAID controller|
|Form factor||PCIe low profile||PCIe low profile||PCIe low profile||Custom||PCIe FHHL|
|Controller chip||Broadcom SAS3908||Broadcom SAS3908||Broadcom SAS3916||Broadcom SAS3916||Broadcom SAS3916 +
|Broadcom equivalent||MegaRAID 9560-8i 4G||MegaRAID 9560-8i 8G||MegaRAID 9560-16i 8G||MegaRAID 9560-16i 8G||MegaRAID 9367-32i 8G|
|Host interface||PCIe 4.0 x8||PCIe 4.0 x8||PCIe 4.0 x8||PCIe 4.0 x8||PCIe 4.0 x8|
|Port interface||12 Gb SAS||12 Gb SAS||12 Gb SAS||12 Gb SAS||12 Gb SAS|
|Number of ports||8||8||16||16||32|
|Port connectors||One x8 SFF-8654||One x8 SFF-8654||Two x8 SFF-8654||Four x4 SFF-8654||Four x8 SFF-8654|
|Drive interface||SAS, SATA||SAS, SATA||SAS, SATA||SAS, SATA||SAS, SATA|
|Drive type||HDD, SED, SSD||HDD, SED, SSD||HDD, SED, SSD||HDD, SED, SSD||HDD, SED, SSD|
|RAID levels||0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, 60||0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, 60||0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, 60||0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, 60||0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, 60|
|Cache||4GB (Standard)||8GB (Standard)||8GB (Standard)||8GB (Standard)||8GB (Standard)|
|CacheVault cache protection with Flash||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Performance Accelerator (FastPath)||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|SSD Caching (CacheCade Pro 2.0)||No||No||No||No||No|
|SED support||Yes (SafeStore)||Yes (SafeStore)||Yes (SafeStore)||Yes (SafeStore)||Yes (SafeStore)|
To compare the RAID 940 Series adapters to other internal adapters, see the Lenovo ThinkSystem RAID Adapter and HBA Reference
The ThinkSystem RAID 940 adapters have the following standard features:
- MegaRAID FastPath SSD performance acceleration
MegaRAID FastPath software provides high-performance I/O acceleration for SSD-based virtual drives by using a low latency I/O path to increase the maximum I/O per second (IOPS) capability of the controller. This feature boosts the performance of applications with a highly random data storage access pattern, such as transactional databases.
- MegaRAID flash cache protection
MegaRAID flash cache protection uses NAND flash memory, which is powered by a CacheVault Power Module supercapacitor, to protect data that is stored in the controller cache. This module eliminates the need for a lithium-ion battery, which is commonly used to protect DRAM cache memory on PCI RAID controllers. To avoid the possibility of data loss or corruption during a power or server failure, flash cache protection technology transfers the contents of the DRAM cache to NAND flash using power from the offload power module. After the power is restored to the RAID controller, the content of the NAND flash is transferred back to the DRAM, which is flushed to disk.
- Auto-resume on array rebuild or array reconstruction after the loss of system power
Auto-resume uses non-volatile RAM (NVRAM) to save the rebuild progress during a host reboot or power failure to automatically resume from the last checkpoint. Auto-resume ensures that data integrity is maintained throughout the process. The card supports a number of features that can be implemented without rebooting the server. Applications, such as email and web server, benefit from avoiding downtime during the transition.
- Online Capacity Expansion
Online Capacity Expansion (OCE) allows the capacity of a virtual disk to be expanded by adding new physical disks or making use of unused space on existing disks, without requiring a reboot.
- Online RAID Level Migration
Online RAID Level Migration (RLM), which is also known as logical drive migration, can migrate a virtual disk from any RAID level to any other RAID level without requiring a reboot. System availability and application functionality remain unaffected.
- Fast initialization for quick array setup
Fast initialization quickly writes zeros to the first and last sectors of the virtual drive. This feature allows you to immediately start writing data to the virtual drive while the initialization is running in the background.
- Consistency check for background data integrity
Consistency check verifies that all stripes in a virtual disk with a redundant RAID level are consistent. The consistency check mirrors data when an inconsistent stripe is detected for RAID 1 and re-creates the parity from the peer disks for RAID 5 or RAID 6. Consistency checks can be scheduled to take place periodically.
- Extensive online configuration options and advanced monitoring and event notification
Management tools provide convenience for the configuration of logical volumes and alerting when errors have occurred or are about to occur.
- Patrol read for media scanning and repairing
Patrol read is a background sentry service that pro-actively discovers and corrects media defects (bad sectors) that arise normally as a disk drive ages. The service issues a series of verify commands, and if a bad block is discovered, the card's firmware uses RAID algorithms to re-create the missing data and remap the sector to a good sector. The task is interruptible based on controller activity and host operations. The firmware also provides an interface where the patrol read task can be initiated, set up for continuous operation, and terminated from a management application. Patrol read can be activated by a manual command or automatically.
- Global and dedicated hot spare with revertible hot spare support
A hot spare rebuilds data from all virtual disks within the disk group in which it is configured. You can define a physical disk as a hot spare to replace a failed drive. Hot spares can be configured as either global or dedicated. A global hot spare allows any physical drive to be designated as a hot spare. A dedicated hot spare allows the user to assign a hot spare drive to a particular array of the same drive type.
- Drive roaming
Drive roaming occurs when the physical disks are changed to different ports on the same controller. When the drives are placed on different channels, the controller detects the RAID configuration from the configuration data on the drives.
- MegaRAID SafeStore support for self-encrypting drive (SED) services
MegaRAID SafeStore encryption services offer instant secure erase and local key management for self-encrypting drives. This technology represents a step forward in securing data on a disk drive from any unauthorized access or modification resulting from theft, loss, or repurposing of drives. Instant secure erase permanently removes data when repurposing or decommissioning SEDs. SafeStore local key management provides the necessary management and protection of SEDs by using a simple pass phrase, security key identifier, and security key file that can be set and applied to all SEDs that are assigned to a RAID adapter. This feature removes the complexity of managing each SED’s unique encryption key, and it essentially relieves the administrator of most of the daily tasks of securing data.
- Hardware Secure Boot
The on-board controller incorporates advanced security through hardware secure boot. The hardware secure boot feature permits only authenticated firmware to execute on the adapter. The controller’s Internal Boot ROM establishes an initial Root of Trust (RoT). Hardware secure boot authenticates and builds a Chain of Trust (CoT) with succeeding firmware images using the RoT meaning only authorized firmware is executed on the adapter. Lenovo provides the signed firmware images making the use of hardware secure boot transparent to customers, while providing confidence in the security of the solution.
- XClarity Provisioning Manager for pre-boot array configuration and management
Provisioning Manager is the ThinkSystem UEFI-based application that includes a RAID setup wizard to help you configure drive groups and virtual disks before installing or booting the operating system.
- XClarity Controller web interface for remote storage management
XClarity Controller (XCC) is the systems management processor integrated in all ThinkSystem servers. The XCC web interface allows you to perform storage inventory, create and edit virtual disks, view events, import a new controller configuration, and perform firmware updates on the adapter.
Note: MegaRAID CacheCade and MegaRAID Storage Manager are not supported.
The following tables list the ThinkSystem servers that are compatible.
|Part number||Description||Intel 2S||AMD|
|4Y37A09728||ThinkSystem RAID 940-8i 4GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||Y||Y|
|4Y37A09729||ThinkSystem RAID 940-8i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||Y||Y|
|4Y37A09730||ThinkSystem RAID 940-16i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||Y||Y|
|4Y37A09735||ThinkSystem RAID 940-16i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Internal Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||Y||Y|
|4Y37A09733||ThinkSystem RAID 940-32i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||Y|
|Part number||Description||E||1S Intel||4S Intel||Dense/ Blade|
|4Y37A09728||ThinkSystem RAID 940-8i 4GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N|
|4Y37A09729||ThinkSystem RAID 940-8i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N|
|4Y37A09730||ThinkSystem RAID 940-16i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N|
|4Y37A09735||ThinkSystem RAID 940-16i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Internal Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N|
|4Y37A09733||ThinkSystem Raid 940-32i 8GB Flash PCIe Gen4 12Gb Adapter||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N|
Operating system support
The adapters are supported by the following operating systems:
- Microsoft Windows Server 2016
- Microsoft Windows Server 2019
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.6
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.1
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP5
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 Xen SP5
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP1
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 Xen SP1
- VMware ESXi 6.7 U3
- VMware ESXi 7.0
The adapters carry a 1-year limited warranty. When installed in a supported ThinkSystem server, the adapter assumes the server’s base warranty and any warranty upgrades.
The adapters are supported in the following environment:
- Temperature: 10°C to 55°C (50°F to 131°F)
- Relative humidity: 20% to 80% (non-condensing)
- Temperature with package: -40°C to 105°C (-40°F to 221°F)
- Relative humidity: 5% to 95% (non-condensing)
The ThinkSystem RAID 940 adapters have the following agency approvals:
- USA (FCC 47 CFR part 15 Subpart B, class B)
- Canada (ICES -003, Class B)
- Taiwan (CNS 13438)
- Japan (VCCI V-3)
- Australia/New Zealand (AS/NZS CISPR 22)
- Korea (RRA no 2013-24 & 25)
- Europe (EN55022/EN55024)
- Safety: EN/ IEC/ UL 60950
Related product families
Product families related to this document are the following:
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