ThinkSystem 5210 Entry 6Gb SATA QLC SSDsProduct Guide
The 5210 Entry SATA QLC solid-state drives (SSDs) are low-cost SSDs for ThinkSystem servers. The drives use Micron 64-layer 3D QLC NAND flash memory technology with a SATA 6Gbps interface and provide an affordable solution for large-capacity sequential read-intensive applications such as AI and machine learning data lakes, real-time analytics, and big data.
This product guide provides essential presales information to understand the 5210 Entry SSD offerings, their key features and specifications, components and options, and configuration guidelines. This guide is intended for technical specialists, sales specialists, sales engineers, IT architects, and other IT professionals who want to learn more about the SSDs and consider their use in IT solutions.
Changes in the January 7 update:
- Added SR850P to the server support table - Server support section
The 5210 Entry SATA solid-state drives (SSDs) are low-cost SSDs for ThinkSystem servers. The drives use Micron 64-layer 3D QLC NAND flash memory technology with a SATA 6Gbps interface and provide an affordable solution for large-capacity sequential read-intensive applications such as AI and machine learning data lakes, real-time analytics, big data, and media streaming.
The 5210 Entry SATA SSD is shown in the following figure.
Figure 1. Lenovo ThinkSystem 5210 Entry SATA SSD
Did you know?
QLC (quad-level cell) represents the next generation of NAND flash memory technology. QLC means that 4 bits of data is stored in each memory cell which results in more cost-effective drives and larger drive capacities. The target workloads for QLC-based SSDs are sequential read-intensive workloads. For such workloads, QLC SSDs are an excellent cost-effective candidate for replacing 10K RPM HDDs.
Part number information
|2.5-inch hot-swap drives|
|4XB7A38185||B9AC||ThinkSystem 2.5" 5210 960GB Entry SATA 6Gb Hot Swap QLC SSD|
|4XB7A38144||B7EW||ThinkSystem 2.5" 5210 1.92TB Entry SATA 6Gb Hot Swap QLC SSD|
|4XB7A38145||B7EX||ThinkSystem 2.5" 5210 3.84TB Entry SATA 6Gb Hot Swap QLC SSD|
|4XB7A38146||B7EY||ThinkSystem 2.5" 5210 7.68TB Entry SATA 6Gb Hot Swap QLC SSD|
The 5210 Entry SATA SSDs have the following features:
- Industry standard 2.5-inch form factor
- New generation 64-layer 3D QLC NAND flash memory
- Suitable for read-intensive sequential workloads with larger block sizes
- 6 Gbps SATA host interface
- High reliability and enhanced ruggedness
- Absence of moving parts to reduce potential failure points in the server
- S.M.A.R.T. support
- Advanced Encrypting Standard (AES) 256-bit encryption
SSDs have a huge but finite number of program/erase (P/E) cycles, which affect how long they can perform write operations and thus their life expectancy. Entry SSDs typically have a better cost per read IOPS ratio but lower endurance and performance compared to Mainstream or Performance SSDs. SSD write endurance is typically measured by the number of program/erase cycles that the drive can incur over its lifetime, which is listed as total bytes written (TBW) in the device specification.
The TBW value that is assigned to a solid-state device is the total bytes of written data that a drive can be guaranteed to complete. Reaching this limit does not cause the drive to immediately fail; the TBW simply denotes the maximum number of writes that can be guaranteed. A solid-state device does not fail upon reaching the specified TBW. However, at some point after surpassing the TBW value (and based on manufacturing variance margins), the drive reaches the end-of-life point, at which time the drive goes into read-only mode. Because of such behavior, careful planning must be done to use SSDs in the application environments to ensure that the TBW of the drive is not exceeded before the required life expectancy.
For example, the 1.92TB drive has an endurance of 700 TB of total bytes written (TBW) with 4KB random writes. This means that for full operation over five years, write workload must be limited to no more than 384 GB of 4K random writes per day, which is equivalent to 0.2 full drive writes per day (DWPD). For the device to last three years, the drive write workload must be limited to no more than 639 GB of writes per day, which is equivalent to 0.3 full drive writes per day.
The endurance of the 5210, like other NAND-based solid-state drives, varies depending on the workload. The value of the 5210 SSDs is best achieved when the drives are matched with read-intensive workloads with large-block sequential data access. For example, if all write operations are sequential and in 128KB blocks, the drives can support 0.8 total drive writes per day, which equates to 6,142 GB of data writes per day in the case of the 7.68TB drive option.
The key factors in determining drive endurance are the read/write mix, whether the writes are sequential or random, and the block size. The following tables (Part 1 and Part 2) show the different endurance values of the 5210 drives, based on the workload.
|Capacity||GB Writes Per Day||Drive Writes Per Day (DWPD)|
|100% 128KB seq. writes||768 GB||1534 GB||3068 GB||6142 GB||0.8||0.8||0.8||0.8|
|90% 128KB seq. writes +
10% 4KB random writes
|682 GB||1373 GB||2395 GB||4318 GB||0.71||0.72||0.62||0.56|
|80% 128KB seq. writes +
20% 4KB random writes
|624 GB||1258 GB||2137 GB||3019 GB||0.65||0.66||0.56||0.39|
|70% 128KB seq. writes +
30% 4KB random writes
|538 GB||1079 GB||1573 GB||2082 GB||0.56||0.56||0.41||0.27|
|50% 128 seq. writes +
50% 4KB random writes
|413 GB||838 GB||964 GB||1192 GB||0.43||0.44||0.25||0.16|
|100% 16KB random writes||192 GB||384 GB||748 GB||1498 GB||0.2||0.2||0.2||0.2|
|100% 8KB random writes||192 GB||384 GB||690 GB||767 GB||0.2||0.2||0.18||0.1|
|100% 4KB random writes||192 GB||384 GB||345 GB||384 GB||0.2||0.2||0.09||0.05|
|Capacity||Total Bytes Written (TBW)|
|100% 128KB seq. writes||1400 TB||2800 TB||5600 TB||11210 TB|
|90% 128KB seq. writes + 10% 4KB random writes||1240 TB||2505 TB||4370 TB||7880 TB|
|80% 128KB seq. writes + 20% 4KB random writes||1135 TB||2295 TB||3900 TB||5510 TB|
|70% 128KB seq. writes + 30% 4KB random writes||980 TB||1970 TB||2870 TB||3800 TB|
|50% 128 seq. writes + 50% 4KB random writes||750 TB||1530 TB||1760 TB||2175 TB|
|100% 16KB random writes||350 TB||700 TB||1366 TB||2733 TB|
|100% 8KB random writes||350 TB||700 TB||1260 TB||1400 TB|
|100% 4KB random writes||350 TB||700 TB||630 TB||700 TB|
The following table lists the technical specifications for the 5210 Entry SATA SSDs.
|Feature||960GB drive||1.92 TB drive||3.84 TB drive||7.68 TB drive|
|Interface||6 Gbps SATA||6 Gbps SATA||6 Gbps SATA||6 Gbps SATA|
|Capacity||960 GB||1.92 TB||3.84 TB||7.68 TB|
(drive writes per day)*
|0.2 DWPD||0.2 DWPD||0.09 DWPD||0.05 DWPD|
(total bytes written)*
|350 TB||700 TB||630 TB||700 TB|
|Data reliability||< 1 in 1017 bits read||< 1 in 1017 bits read||< 1 in 1017 bits read||< 1 in 1017 bits read|
|MTBF||2,000,000 hours||2,000,000 hours||2,000,000 hours||2,000,000 hours|
|IOPS reads (4 KB blocks)||40,000||70,000||83,000||90,000|
|IOPS writes (4 KB blocks)||1,200||2,000||2,000||2,000|
|Sequential read rate
(128 KB blocks)
|540 MBps||540 MBps||540 MBps||540 MBps|
|Sequential write rate
(128 KB blocks)
|70 MBps||165 MBps||265 MBps||355 MBps|
|Read latency (seq)||310 µs||310 µs||500 µs||540 µs|
|Write latency (seq)||530 µs||530 µs||530 µs||530 µs|
|Shock, non-operating||1,500 G (Max) at 0.5 ms||1,500 G (Max) at 0.5 ms||1,500 G (Max) at 0.5 ms||1,500 G (Max) at 0.5 ms|
|Vibration, non-operating||3.13 GRMS (5-800 Hz)||3.13 GRMS (5-800 Hz)||3.13 GRMS (5-800 Hz)||3.13 GRMS (5-800 Hz)|
|Typical power (R / W)||2.8 W / 3.9 W||2.8 W / 3.9 W||2.8 W / 6.3 W||2.8 W / 6.3 W|
* Based on 100% 4K random writes; Larger block sizes and sequential writes provide greater endurance, as listed in the table in the Endurance section
The following table lists the ThinkSystem servers that are compatible.
|Description and part number||E||1S Intel||2S Intel||AMD||4S Intel||Dense/ Blade|
|2.5" 5210 960GB Entry SATA 6Gb Hot Swap QLC SSD, 4XB7A38185||N||N||Y||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||N||N||N||Y||N||Y||Y||N||N||Y||Y|
|2.5" 5210 1.92TB Entry SATA 6Gb Hot Swap QLC SSD, 4XB7A38144||N||N||N||N||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||N||N||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||N||Y||Y|
|2.5" 5210 3.84TB Entry SATA 6Gb Hot Swap QLC SSD, 4XB7A38145||N||N||N||N||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||N||N||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||N||Y||Y|
|2.5" 5210 7.68TB Entry SATA 6Gb Hot Swap QLC SSD, 4XB7A38146||N||N||N||N||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||N||N||N||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||N||Y||Y|
Operating system support
SATA SSDs operate transparently to users, storage systems, applications, databases, and operating systems.
Operating system support is based on the controller used to connect to the drives. Consult the controller propduct guide for more information:
The 5210 Entry SATA SSDs carry a one-year, customer-replaceable unit (CRU) limited warranty. When the SSDs are installed in a supported server, these drives assume the system’s base warranty and any warranty upgrades.
Solid State Memory cells have an intrinsic, finite number of program/erase cycles that each cell can incur. As a result, each solid state device has a maximum amount of program/erase cycles to which it can be subjected. The warranty for Lenovo solid state drives (SSDs) is limited to drives that have not reached the maximum guaranteed number of program/erase cycles, as documented in the Official Published Specifications for the SSD product. A drive that reaches this limit may fail to operate according to its Specifications.
The drives have the following physical specifications (approximate, without the tray):
- Height: 7 mm (0.3 in.)
- Width: 70 mm (2.8 in.)
- Depth: 100 mm (4.0 in.)
- Weight: 70 g (2.5 oz)
The SSDs are supported in the following environment:
- Operating temperature: 0 to 70°C (32 to 158°F)
- Non-operating temperature: -40 to 85°C (-40 to 185°F)
- Relative humidity: 5 to 95% (non-condensing)
The 5210 Entry SATA SSDs conform to the following regulations:
- Micron Green Standard
- Built with sulfur resistant resistors
- CE (Europe): EN 55032 Class B, RoHS
- FCC: CFR Title 47, Part 15 Class B
- UL: UL-60950-1, 2nd Edition
- BSMI (Taiwan): approval to CNS 13438
- RCM (Australia, New Zealand): AS/NZS CISPR32 Class B
- KCC RRL (Korea): approval to KN 32 Class B, KN 35 Class B
- W.E.E.E.: Compliance with EU WEEE directive 2002/96/EC.
- TUV (Germany): approval to IEC60950/EN60950
- VCCI (Japan): 2015-04 Class B
- IC (Canada): CISPR32 Class B: Canadian ICES-003:2016
Related product families
Product families related to this document are the following:
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