Benefits of an End-to-End NVMe over FC Solution with Lenovo ThinkSystemPositioning Information
This paper describes the key components required for building an end-to-end NVMe over FC deployment with Lenovo servers, Lenovo Storage, and Lenovo Fibre Channel networking from Brocade to help solve the bottleneck some businesses may be feeling with their existing storage network. Lenovo is the first in the industry to ship end-to-end NVMe over FC.
Changes in the December 27 update:
- Added the latest Lenovo ThinkSystem offerings
Fibre Channel is the most trusted and widely deployed purpose-built network infrastructure for storage. Decades of use supporting mission-critical applications have proven that Fibre Channel has the reliability, scalability, and performance to handle evolving, demanding storage applications.
Lenovo can provide end-to-end Fibre Channel solutions that take advantage of new All Flash Arrays (AFAs) that utilize the latest 32/64Gb Fibre Channel technologies and features including Non-Volatile Memory Express over Fibre Channel (NVMe over FC) available with the Lenovo ThinkSystem DM Series All Flash Storage Arrays, ThinkSystem DB Series FC SAN Switches and Directors from Brocade, and Emulex Host Bus Adapters.
Data storage is consistently getting faster, delivering improved economics for data centers of all sizes. Flash memory-based storage is a key technology that has significantly increased the performance of storage systems. Solid state disks (SSDs) are now so fast, that the SCSI I/O interface has become the bottleneck.
The solution is based on a modern storage network capable of adapting to the requirement of NVMe-based arrays. There are critical capabilities that are a requirement to support next-generation flash that every customer needs to keep in mind:
- First, it has to keep running no matter what. With more data moving faster, any slowdowns or disruptions in the network could be catastrophic.
- Next, you need a network that’s designed for flash and ready for NVMe. This means support for low latency, high speed and high bandwidth.
- Then, it needs to scale and be able to adapt to the business. For many enterprises this is petabytes of storage and thousands of servers and storage.
- Finally, it has to be secure to mitigate the risks of breaches. This requires isolation and managed access for peace of mind.
NVMe over Fibre Channel is a solution that is defined by two standards: NVMe-oF and FC-NVMe. NVMe-oF is a specification from the NVM Express organization that is transport agnostic, and FC-NVMe is an INCITS T11 standard. These two standards define how NVMe leverages Fibre Channel. NVMe over Fibre Channel was designed to be backward compatible with the existing Fibre Channel technology, supporting both the traditional SCSI protocol and the new NVMe protocol using the same hardware adapters, Fibre Channel switches, and Enterprise AFAs. There is no need to "rip and replace" the SAN infrastructure with NVMe over Fibre Channel.
An NVMe all-flash array connected to a storage network will help eliminate the bottleneck and deliver more value back to the business. This scalable storage network will deliver reliable flash that performs at the speed of memory.
With this newfound performance:
- Critical applications will accelerate transactions and lead to better user experiences
- Databases will increase the number of queries they support, leading to faster decisions and results
- VM farms will be more efficient with higher VM densities per server, reducing infrastructure costs and simplifying IT
- More types of workloads can be consolidated on hypervisors due to the improved storage performance
The benefits of NVMe over FC include the following:
- IOPS: Experience a 2.1x increase in IOPS using a more efficient command by simply moving over to NVMe/FC from the traditional SCSI FCP command set.
- Latency: Achieve 52% lower latency using NVMe over FC. NVMe over FC will have has lower latency than traditional SCSI FCP. Depending on the workload scenario.
- Throughput: Accomplish up to 2.1x throughput improvement over traditional SCSI FCP when using NVMe/FC
- Increased OLTP performance Microsoft SQL Server 2019 for Linux up to up to 2.7x more transactions/minute.
- Increased OLTP performance for Oracle 19c Databases up to 2.6x more transactions/minute and up to 60% better CPU efficiency.
A comparison of performance between Fibre Channel (FCP) and NVMe over FC is shown in the following figure.
The following figure shows the Increased OLTP performance Microsoft SQL Server 2019 for Linux up to up to 2.7x more transactions/minute.
Figure 2. Microsoft SQL Performance (*Emulex ECD Labs tested 9/4/2020, Microsoft SQL 2019 for Linux, RHEL 8.1 NVMe/FC, Lenovo ThinkSystem SR650 with 2x Intel Xeon 8280 Scalable Processors, Emulex LPe35002, Lenovo ThinkSystem DB620S, Lenovo DM7100F, HammerDB TPC-C Transactions per minute. 1:10 mem/dataset ratio, XFS filesystem).
The following figure shows the Increased OLTP performance for Oracle 19c Databases up to 2.6x more transactions/minute and up to 60% better CPU efficiency.
Figure 3. Oracle Performance (*Emulex ECD Labs tested 8/24/2020, Oracle 19c, RHEL 8.1 NVMe/FC, Lenovo ThinkSystem SR650 with 2x Intel Xeon 8280 Scalable Processors, Emulex LPe35002, Lenovo ThinkSystem DB620S, Lenovo DM7100F, HammerDB TPC-C Transactions per minute. 1:10 mem/dataset ratio, 8k XFS, Direct/Async IO).
NVMe over Fibre Channel can enhance existing SAN workloads. Enterprise applications such as Oracle, SAP, Microsoft SQL Server and others can immediately take advantage of NVMe/FC performance benefits.
NVMe over Fibre Channel can also enable new SAN workload scenarios as well. Big data analytics, Internet of Things (IoT) and AI/deep learning will all benefit from the faster performance and lower latency of NVMe over FC.
Lenovo Solution Components
The Lenovo components in the NVMe over FC solution are as follows.
|Host Bus Adapter||Host Operating System|
4XC7A08251 - ThinkSystem Emulex LPe35002 32Gb 2-port PCIe Fibre Channel Adapter (12.6.x.x or later)
4XC7A08250 - ThinkSystem Emulex LPe35000 32Gb 1-port PCIe Fibre Channel Adapter (12.6.x.x or later)
7ZT7A00519 – Emulex LPe32002-M2-L PCIe 32Gb 2-Port SFP+ Fibre Channel Adapter (12.6.x.x or later)
7ZT7A00517 - Emulex LPe32000-M2-L PCIe 32Gb 1-Port SFP+ Fibre Channel Adapter (12.6.x.x or later)
01CV840 – Emulex LPe31002-M6-L PCIe 16Gb 2-Port SFP+ Fibre Channel Adapter (12.6.x.x or later)
01CV830 - Emulex LPe31000-M6-L PCIe 16Gb 1-Port SFP+ Fibre Channel Adapter (12.6.x.x or later)
RHEL 8.0 and later
RHEL 7.7 and later
SLES 15 and later
SLES 12 SP4 and later
Windows Server 2016 and later
Windows Server 2019 and later
ESXI 7.0 and later
|SR850 V2||7D31, 7D32, 7D33|
|SR860 V2||7Z59, 7Z60|
|SR950||7X11, 7X12, 7X13|
|Lenovo B6505 24-port 16Gb FC SAN Switch||3873AR5, 3873HC5, 3873HC8, 3873ER1||Fabric OS 8.1.0b and later|
|Lenovo B6510 48-port 16Gb FC SAN Switch||3873BR3, 3873HC6, 3873HC9, 3873IR1||Fabric OS 8.1.0b and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DB610S FC SAN Switch||6559D1Y, 6559D2Y, 6559D3Y, 6559HC1, 6559HC2, 6559HC3, 6559HC4, 6559HC5, 6559HC6, 6559HC7, 6559F1A, 6559F2A, 6559F3A, 6559F4A||Fabric OS 8.1.0b and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DB620S FC SAN Switch||6415HC1, 6415HC2, 6415HC3, 6415HC4, 6415HC5, 6415HC6, 6415HC7, 6415HC8, 64615HC9, 6415G11, 6415G2A, 6415G3A, 6515H11, 6415H2A, 6415J1A, 6415L1A, 6415L2A, 6415L3A||Fabric OS 8.1.0b and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DB630S FC SAN Switch||7D1S-CTO1WW, 7D1S-CTO2WW, 7D1S-CTO3WW, 7D1S-CTO5WW, 7D1S-CTO6WW, 7D1SA001WW, 7D1SA002WW, 7D1SA003WW, 7D1SA004WW, 7D1SA005WW||Fabric OS 8.1.0b and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DB720S FC SAN Switch||7D5JCTO1WW, 7D5JCTO2WW, 7D5JCTO3WW, 7D5JCTO4WW||Fabric OS 9.0 and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DB400D 4-slot FC SAN Director||6684B2A, 6684D2A, 6684HC1, 6684HC2||Fabric OS 8.1.0b and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DB800D 8-slot FC SAN Director||6682B1A, 6682D1A, 6682HC2||Fabric OS 8.1.0b and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DM5100F||7D3KCTO1WW||Lenovo ThinkSystem DM Series HIC, 16/32Gb FC,4-ports (4C57A67133)||ONTAP 9.8 and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DM7000F Unified Flash Storage Array||7Y40CTO1WW||Emulex 32Gb Host Bus Adapter (Option PN: 4XC7A14396)||ONTAP 9.4 and later|
|Lenovo ThinkSystem DM7100F Unified All Flash Storage Array||7D25CTO1WW||Lenovo ThinkSystem DM Series 32Gb 4 port Fibre Channel Card (4XC7A38326)||ONTAP 9.8 and later|
For more information, see these web resources:
- Video on the Lenovo ThinkSystem End-to-End NVMe over Fibre Channel Solution
- Infographic on the Lenovo ThinkSystem End-to-End NVMe over Fibre Channel Solution
- ThinkSystem DM Series Storage product web page
- Lenovo ThinkSystem DM5100F Unified Flash Storage Array product guide
- Lenovo ThinkSystem DM7000F Unified Flash Storage Array product guide
- Lenovo ThinkSystem DM7100F Unified All Flash Storage Array product guide
- ThinkSystem DM Series All-Flash Array datasheet
- Emulex Single and Dual Port 32Gb Fibre Channel Adapters product guide
- ThinkSystem SAN Switches product guides
- Emulex NVMe over Fibre Channel User’s Guide
Related product families
Product families related to this document are the following:
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