Intel P4800X Performance NVMe PCIe SSDsProduct Guide

Author
Updated
14 Mar 2019
Form Number
LP0770
PDF size
9 pages, 173 KB

Abstract

The ThinkSystem U.2 Intel P4800X Performance NVMe PCIe SSD is the ultimate in high performance solid state drives with ultra-low latency, very high bandwidth, and an endurance of 30 drive writes per day, making this drive an excellent choice for write-intensive high-performance workloads.

This product guide introduces the P4800X drives and describes their features and specifications, and provides compatibility information. This guide is intended for technical specialists, sales specialists, sales engineers, IT architects, and other IT professionals who want to learn more about the drives and consider their use in IT solutions.

Change History

Changes in the March 14 update:

  • Operating system support information is now listed as a set of tables which are automatically generated from ServerProven data - Operating system support section

Introduction

The ThinkSystem U.2 Intel P4800X Performance NVMe PCIe SSD is the ultimate in high performance solid state drives with ultra-low latency, very high bandwidth, and an endurance of 30 drive writes per day (DWPD), making this drive an excellent storage choice for write-intensive high-performance workloads.

The Intel P4800X SSD is a member of the Intel Optane family of data center solid state devices that are based on Intel-developed 3D XPoint memory, controller, interconnect technology and firmware, all providing significant gains in reducing latency and accelerating systems for workloads demanding large capacity and fast storage.

P4800X Performance NVMe PCIe SSD

Figure 1. Intel P4800X Performance NVMe PCIe SSD

Did You Know?

NVMe (Non-Volatile Memory Express) is a technology that overcomes SAS/SATA SSD performance limitations by optimizing hardware and software to take full advantage of flash technology. Intel Xeon processors efficiently transfer data in fewer clock cycles with the NVMe optimized software stack compared to the legacy Advance Host Controller Interface (AHCI) stack, thereby reducing latency and overhead. These SSDs connect directly to the processor via the PCIe bus, further reducing latency and TCO.

Part number information

The following table lists the ordering part numbers and feature codes.

Table 1. Ordering part numbers and feature codes
Part number Feature Description
7N47A00081 AUMJ ThinkSystem U.2 Intel P4800X 375GB Performance NVMe PCIe 3.0 x4 Hot Swap SSD
7N47A00083 B2ZJ ThinkSystem U.2 Intel P4800X 750GB Performance NVMe PCIe 3.0 x4 Hot Swap SSD

The part numbers for the adapters include the following items:

  • One drive with a ThinkSystem hot-swap tray attached
  • Documentation flyers

Features

The Intel Optane P4800X SSD series is Intel's first NVMe SSD that features 3D XPoint technology. 3D XPoint technology is a new class of memory that doesn't store data by trapping electrons in the memory cell but instead utilized the property-change of the memory material itself to store the data. The NVMe controller and firmware are optimized to take advantage of the unique aspects of 3D XPoint technology. I/O operations are accelerated by hardware, delivering leading performance, ultra-low latency and quality of service (QoS).

Non-Volatile Memory Express (NVMe) is new PCIe 3.0 high performance SSD technology that provides high I/O throughput and low latency. NVMe interfaces remove SAS/SATA bottlenecks and unleash all of the capabilities of flash memory. Each NVMe PCI SSD has direct PCIe 3.0 x4 connection, which provides increased bandwidth and lower latency than SATA/SAS-based SSD solutions. NVMe drives are also optimized for heavy multi-threaded workloads by using internal parallelism and many other improvements, such as enlarged I/O queues.

The Intel P4800X NVMe drives have the following key characteristics:

  • PCIe 3.0 connection for each NVMe drive.
  • Ultra-low I/O latency, with an average read/write latency of 10 µs.
  • Consistently reliable quality of service
  • Excellent read and write performance at low queue depths
  • Near symmetrical read and write performance
  • Very high endurance at 30 full drive writes per day
  • Variable sector size and end-to-end data-path protection
  • Enhanced power-loss data protection
  • Thermal throttling and monitoring
  • SMART health reporting

The key metric for solid state drives is their endurance (life expectancy). SSDs have a huge, but finite, number of program/erase (P/E) cycles, which determines how long the drives can perform write operations and thus their life expectancy. Performance SSDs have better endurance than Mainstream SSDs, which in turn have better endurance than Entry SSDs.

SSD write endurance is typically measured by the number of program/erase cycles that the drive can incur over its lifetime, which is listed as TBW in the device specification. The TBW value that is assigned to a solid-state device is the total bytes of written data that a drive can be guaranteed to complete. Reaching this limit does not cause the drive to immediately fail; the TBW simply denotes the maximum number of writes that can be guaranteed.

A solid-state device does not fail upon reaching the specified TBW, but at some point after surpassing the TBW value (and based on manufacturing variance margins), the drive reaches the end-of-life point, at which time the drive goes into read-only mode. Because of such behavior, careful planning must be done to use SSDs in the application environments to ensure that the TBW of the drive is not exceeded before the required life expectancy.

The Intel P4800X 375 GB drive has an endurance of 20.5 PB (20,500 TB) of total bytes written (TBW). This means that for full operation over five years, write workload can be up to 11.2 TB of writes per day, which is equivalent to 30 full drive writes per day (DWPD). For the device to last three years, the drive write workload can be written to up to 18.7 TB of writes per day, which is equivalent to 49.9 full drive writes per day.

Technical specifications

The following table present technical specifications for the Intel P4800X Performance NVMe PCIe SSDs.

Table 2. Technical specifications
Feature 375 GB drive 750 GB drive
Form factor 2.5-inch hot-swap 2.5-inch hot-swap
Interface PCIe 3.0 x4 PCIe 3.0 x4
Capacity 375 GB 750 GB
Endurance (total bytes written) 20.5 PB 41 PB
Endurance (drive writes per day over 5 years) 30 DWPD 30 DWPD
Data reliability (Uncorrectable Bit Error Rate UBER) < 1 in 1017 bits read < 1 in 1017 bits read
MTBF, hours 2,000,000 2,000,000
IOPS read (4 KB blocks) 550,000 550,000
IOPS write (4 KB blocks) 550,000 550,000
Sequential read rate 2.5 GB/s 2.5 GB/s
Sequential write rate 2.2 GB/s 2.2 GB/s
Read access latency random 10 µs 10 µs
Write access latency random 10 µs 10 µs
Shock, operating 1,000 G (Max) at 0.5 ms 1,000 G (Max) at 0.5 ms
Vibration, max, operating 2.17 GRMS (5-700 Hz) 2.17 GRMS (5-700 Hz)
Average power (Active Read / Active Write) 8 W / 13 W 10 W / 15 W

Server support

The following table lists the ThinkSystem servers that are compatible.

Table 3. ThinkSystem server support
Part
number
Description 1S Rack & Tower 2S Rack & Tower 4S Rack Dense/ Blade
ST50 (7Y48/7Y50)
ST250 (7Y45/7Y46)
SR150 (7Y54)
SR250 (7Y51/7Y52)
ST550 (7X09/7X10)
SR530 (7X07/7X08)
SR550 (7X03/7X04)
SR570 (7Y02/7Y03)
SR590 (7X98/7X99)
SR630 (7X01/7X02)
SR650 (7X05/7X06)
SR670 (7Y36/7Y37/7Y38)
SR850 (7X18/7X19)
SR860 (7X69/7X70)
SR950 (7X11/12/13)
SD530 (7X21)
SD650 (7X58)
SN550 (7X16)
SN850 (7X15)
7N47A00081 ThinkSystem U.2 Intel P4800X 375GB Performance NVMe PCIe 3.0 x4 Hot Swap SSD N N N N N N N N N Y Y N Y Y Y Y N Y Y
7N47A00083 ThinkSystem U.2 Intel P4800X 750GB Performance NVMe PCIe 3.0 x4 Hot Swap SSD N N N N N N N N N Y Y N Y Y Y Y N N N

Operating system support

The following tables list the supported operating systems for the drives.

Tip: These tables are automatically generated based on data from Lenovo ServerProven.

Table 4. Operating system support for ThinkSystem U.2 Intel P4800X 375GB Performance NVMe PCIe 3.0 x4 Hot Swap SSD, 7N47A00081
Operating systems
SD530
SN550
SN850
SR630
SR650
SR850
SR860
SR950
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 Y Y Y N Y Y Y N
Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Y Y Y N Y Y Y N
Microsoft Windows Server 2019 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Microsoft Windows Server version 1709 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Microsoft Windows Server version 1803 Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.10 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.9 Y Y Y N Y Y Y N
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Y Y Y N Y Y N N
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.4 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.5 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.6 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP4 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP2 Y N Y Y Y Y N N
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP3 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP4 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) 6.0 U3 Y Y Y N Y Y Y N
VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) 6.5 Y N N N N N N N
VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) 6.5 U1 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N
VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) 6.5 U2 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) 6.7 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) 6.7 U1 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Table 5. Operating system support for ThinkSystem U.2 Intel P4800X 750GB Performance NVMe PCIe 3.0 x4 Hot Swap SSD, 7N47A00083
Operating systems
SD530
SN550
SN850
SR630
SR650
SR860
SR950
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
Microsoft Windows Server 2019 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
Microsoft Windows Server version 1709 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Microsoft Windows Server version 1803 Y Y N Y Y N Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.10 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.9 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.4 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.5 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.6 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP4 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP2 Y N Y Y Y N Y
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP3 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP4 Y Y Y Y Y N Y
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 Y Y Y Y Y N Y

Warranty

The Intel P4800X Performance NVMe PCIe SSDs carry a 1-year, customer-replaceable unit (CRU) limited warranty. When installed in a supported Lenovo server, these drives assume the server’s base warranty and any warranty upgrade.

Solid State Memory cells have an intrinsic, finite number of program/erase cycles that each cell can incur. As a result, each solid state device has a maximum amount of program/erase cycles to which it can be subjected. The warranty for Lenovo solid state drives (SSDs) is limited to drives that have not reached the maximum guaranteed number of program/erase cycles, as documented in the Official Published Specifications for the SSD product. A drive that reaches this limit may fail to operate according to its Specifications.

Physical specifications

The Intel P4800X SSDs have the following dimensions:

  • Height: 15 mm (0.59 in.)
  • Width: 70 mm (2.8 in.)
  • Depth: 100 mm (4.0 in.)

Operating environment

The Intel P4800X SSDs are supported in the following environment:

  • Temperature (operational): 0 - 35 °C (32 - 95 °F) at 0 - 3,048 m (0 - 10,000 ft)
  • Relative humidity: 5 - 95% (non-condensing)
  • Maximum altitude (operational): 3,048 m (10,000 ft)
  • Shock: 1,000 G (Max) at 0.5 ms
  • Vibration: 2.17 GRMS (5-700 Hz)

Agency approvals

The Intel P4800X SSDs conform to the following regulations:

  • FCC Title 47, Part 15B, Class B
  • CA/CSA-CEI/IEC CISPR 22:02
  • EN 55024: 1998
  • EN 55022: 2006
  • EN-60950-1 2nd Edition
  • UL/CSA EN-60950-1 2nd Edition
  • Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
  • C-Tick: AS/NZS3584
  • BSMI: CNS 13438
  • KCC Article 11.1
  • RoHS DIRECTIVE 2011/65/EU
  • WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC

Related product families

Product families related to this document are the following:

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ServerProven®
ThinkSystem

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